Welding involves the joining of metals using manual, semi-automatic and automatic arc welding equipment. Welders generally plan their work from drawings and blueprints and may use hand tools and machines to fabricate, assemble and welding to make products. Manual welding is controlled entirely by the welder, while semi-manual welding uses machines to perform some of the tasks. 

There are many different types of welding depending on the material, equipment and techniques used, the nature of the final product, and the degree of expertise required. These categories include Arc welders, Mig welders, TIG welders, Pressure welders, Fitter-Welders and flame-cutters. Welding provides a lucrative and rewarding career, with highly transferable skills and can offer very diverse work and challenges. 

Welders are generally good with their hands and enjoy building and repairing things. 

Welders are needed in many industries, but the overwhelming majority work in manufacturing and construction. They may build and repair parts of ships, automobiles, and spacecraft or join beams and steel reinforcing rods in the construction of buildings, bridges and other structures. They are also employed by nuclear power plants and refineries. Because so many industries require welders they are always in demand, which means that skilled welders can choose who to work for, where to work and the area they want to work in.

    Traits and Talents

    As a welder, you need good hand-eye coordination, manual dexterity and the ability to concentrate on detailed work for long periods of time, often in awkward positions. You must also be able to read and understand blueprints or drawings and to follow simple instructions precisely. Knowledge of computerized tools and machinery, analytical ability and communication skills are all important for success in this field. Good math skills are an asset.

    Education and Training

    • Completion of secondary school is usually required. 
    • Completion of a three-year apprenticeship program or A combination of over three years of work experience in the trade and some college or industry courses in welding is usually required to be eligible for trade certification. 
    • Trade certification is compulsory in Alberta and available, but voluntary, in Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon. 
    • Interprovincial trade certification (Red Seal) is also available to qualified welders. 
    • Welding, brazing and soldering machine operators 
    • Some secondary school education is required. 
    • Several months of on-the-job training are usually provided. 
    • Experience as a machine operator helper may be required. 
    • Experience with robotics may be required.  

    The Workplace

    Welders perform some or all of the following duties: 

    • Read and interpret blueprints or welding process specifications 
    • Operate manual or semi-automatic welding equipment to fuse metal segments using processes such as gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), gas metal arc welding (GMAW), flux-cored arc welding (FCAW), plasma arc welding (PAW), shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), oxy-acetylene welding (OAW), resistance welding and submerged arc welding (SAW) 
    • Operate manual or semi-automatic flame-cutting equipment 
    • Operate brazing and soldering equipment 
    • Operate metal shaping machines such as brakes, shears and other metal straightening and bending machines 
    • Repair worn parts of metal products by welding on extra layers. 
    • Operate previously set up welding machines such as spot, butt and seam resistance or gas and arc welding machines to fabricate or repair metal parts 
    • Operate previously set up brazing or soldering machines to bond metal parts or to fill holes, indentations and seams of metal articles with solder 
    • Start up, shut down, adjust and monitor robotic welding production line 
    • Assist with the maintenance and repair of welding, brazing and soldering equipment 
    • May adjust welding heads and tooling according to work specifications. 

    Skills for Success

    The key Skills for Success for this career path are:

    • Reading
    • Numeracy 
    • Adaptability

    Sample Job Titles

    • Blacksmith 
    • Millwright 
    • Boilermaker 
    • Aviation welding technician 
    • Brazing machine operator 
    • Arc Welder 
    • Spot welder 

    Companies and Sectors

    • Construction industry 
    • Manufacturing industry 
    • Auto body shops 
    • Underwater welders 
    • Mining 
    • Aviation